Understanding the Difference Between DDP and DAP Incoterms for Exporters

By Nicolas Aubert

In the realm of international trade, Incoterms play a pivotal role in delineating responsibilities and costs between buyers and sellers. Two commonly used terms, DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) and DAP (Delivered at Place), exhibit significant distinctions, directly impacting exporters in their commercial dealings.

 The Basics of DDP and DAP

  1. DDP (Delivered Duty Paid):

    This term places the responsibility for delivering the goods, along with associated costs, on the seller. This includes custom duties and local taxes in the destination country. However, unless the exporter is registered for taxes in the importing country, recovering these input taxes can be challenging, for both the importer and the exporter.

  2. DAP (Delivered at Place): 

    In Contrast to DDP, the seller is responsible for delivering the goods to the agreed-upon place in the destination country but is not liable for customs duties and local taxes. Under this term, the importer can be registered to reclaim input taxes in their country, offering the opportunity to mitigate the costs associated with these taxes, provided they comply with local registration and tax procedures.

Why Favour DAP for Exporters?

Opting for DAP presents several significant advantages for exporters:

  • Enhanced Financial Flexibility: By Choosing DAP, exporters sidestep the burden of costs associated with customs duties and local taxes, providing increased financial flexibility.

  • Reduced Risks and Responsibilities: DAP frees exporters from the risks associated with changes in customs and tax regulations in the importing country, limiting their liability to delivering the goods to the agreed-upon location.

  • Simplified Logistic Operations: By avoiding the management of customs duties and local taxes, exporters streamline their logistic operations and can expedite the shipping and delivery process, thereby enhancing customer satisfaction.

  • Benefit for Importers: Under DAP, importers have the opportunity to recover input taxes, which can be a crucial factor in their profitability, unlike DDP where this recovery might be difficult or even impossible.

In conclusion, although the choice between DDP and DAP hinges on the specific circumstances of each trade transaction, favouring DAP offers substantial benefits for exporters. It allows them to streamline operations, mitigate risks, and provide greater financial flexibility, while also considering the potential benefits of input tax recovery for importers, bolstering the economic viability of international trade exchanges.

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